Waste Management Practices in Local Communities in Thailand
Effective community-based waste management is of utmost importance in achieving proper waste management. An investigation of waste management practices in local communities in Thailand has shown the best and the worst of solid and hazardous waste management practices. In some communities, there is effective recycling program with high citizen participation while in others burning of garbage is the preferred handling method. Garbage burning creates air quality problem in the local community. A good incentive for more citizen participation in recycling is to keep the money generated from recycling in the local community to support various activities. Biogas from pig farm is piped to nearby homes to be used as fuel for cooking. Some best management practices are not occurring in other communities due to some limiting factors, such as lack of knowledge and experience of community leaders, poor public participation within the community, lack of technical support from the public and private agencies, including lack of enforcement of laws and regulations. In order to overcome these limiting factors and provide better waste management practices in the nation, better training, enforcement of regulations and introduction of pollution preventive programs should be initiated.
Keywords: Waste management practices, Local communities, Regulations, Pollution prevention
Dr. Klinpratoom Panyaping
Asst. Prof., Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Rajamagala University of Technology Lanna, Chiang Mai,
Dr. Benedict Okwumabua
Director, Waste and Hazardous Materials Division, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality