Target Options of Burden Sharing in Developing Countries: Defining Alternative Models of Global Responsibility
As there were no reduction targets for developing countries to meet the ultimate objective of the climate change convention in the effective Kyoto Protocol, a formidable challenge is to decide what will happen in the post-Kyoto period after 2012. A new agreement is needed to avoid causing economic hardships and allow developing countries to rise out of poverty, while promising sharp, long-term reductions in the greenhouse gases that are a ubiquitous by-product of industrialised societies.
This paper explores the issue of burden sharing in developing countries as it assesses different kinds of options for targets that could be taken by developing countries in the future. It is not an easy task to find a model, which will satisfy all parties. However, the paper studies some of the most original and interesting methods and models used in burden sharing proposals. Each of these approaches is evaluated according to criteria of environmental effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and equity. In the paper, authors analyze alternative methods of how the burden should be shared among nations after the Kyoto Protocol first commitment period. Authors point out that different kind of burden sharing models can be seen as alternative models of global responsibility.
Keywords: Climate Change, Sustainable Future, Developing Countries, Burden Sharing, Targets
Mrs Eeva Kuntsi-Reunanen
Researcher, Finland Futures Reseach Centre, Turku School of Economics and Business Administration
Now I am working as a researcher in Finland Futures Research Centre. My main research area includes the environmental and climate policy issues as well as energy related topics. At the moment I am finishing my doctoral dissertation on the topic ‘Sustainable energy development in developing countries’. The aim of the thesis is to develop dynamic efficiency measures and apply them in the analysis of the energy and climate sectors of developing countries. As the thesis will procedure a new approach and a practical tool for the evaluation of the Kyoto climate policy process and global climate change negotiations from the perspective of the developing countries, the research results can be utilized in climate and energy policy planning at international level.