Planning Partnerships for Indigenous Cultural Landscapes: Conditions for Conflict and Cooperation at Mt. Pulag National Park, the Philippines
The Philippine National Integrated Protected Area Systems Act (NIPAS), Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) and Local Government Code exemplify the collaborative regional planning theory and the World Parks’ Congress of 2003 call for co-management partnerships with resident and indigenous peoples for cultural and natural landscapes. Under what conditions do these overlapping Philippine programs lead to competing or collaborative plans. Findings from Mt. Pulag National Park Protected Area Management Board, which represents three provinces, four “tribes”, and multiple municipal and barangay jurisdictions with overlapping claims to ancestral domain and the park, and from the "harmonization" task force for ancestral rights and protected areas indicate the decentralization and land titling may cause more conflict without stronger regional governance.
Keywords: Indigenous rights, Cultural landscapes, Co-management, Conflict, Decentralization
Dr. Sandra Pinel
PhD Candidate, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin, Madison