Application of a GIS-based Suitability Assessment for Sustainable Development on Yap, Federated States of Micronesia

By:
Dr Reed Perkins,
Dr. Wei-Ning Xiang,
Chris Paynter
To add a paper, Login.

Ecotourism is widely considered a viable overarching framework for sustainable development of small island developing states (SIDS). As such, ecotourism aims to support equally the three pillars of sustainable development – economic growth, social development, and environmental protection – identified by the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development. However, ecotourism planning for SIDS is not an easy task. In addition to political, social, and cultural challenges, government planners in SIDS often find themselves in a common dilemma: planning knowledge, skills, and experience are in very short supply, but techniques and computer models applied in more developed states are inappropriate for SIDS. In this paper, we present results from an ongoing joint effort to develop a GIS-based landscape planning capability in Yap, Federated States of Micronesia. Specifically, a joint partnership between Queens University of Charlotte, the University of North Carolina-Charlotte, the Yap Community Action Program, the Yap Institute of Natural Science, and the Yap Department of Planning performed a GIS-based suitability assessment to optimally locate the island’s first planned municipal solid waste facility. Such a facility has been identified by Yapese leaders and planners as an integral component of ecotourism development and a key to the preservation of Yap’s ecological and cultural systems. Though this effort looks specifically at siting a solid waste landfill, it is best seen in a more general light of adapting a new technological and decision-making approach to landscape planning in traditional island cultures. The primary outcome of the larger effort to promote a GIS capability on Yap is the continually improving ability by Yapese personnel to develop, maintain, and apply a GIS to address locally determined challenges in a locally appropriate manner.


Keywords: Yap, Micronesia, GIS, Landfill, Solid Waste, Ecotourism, Sustainability, Small Island Developing State, SIDS
Stream: Environmental Sustainability
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr Reed Perkins

Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Queens University of Charlotte
USA


Dr. Wei-Ning Xiang

Department of Geography and Earth Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
USA


Chris Paynter

Department of Geography and Earth Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
USA


Ref: S06P0387