The Ancient Nuu-chah-nulth Strategy of Hahuulthi: Education for Indigenous Cultural Survivance

Dr. Marlene Renate Atleo
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Hahuulthi, "that which the chief owns", provides the organization and management of the Nuu-chah-nulth philosophy of hishuk-ish-ts’awalk, “everything is one". Thus, hahuulthi organizes this “oneness” through cultural observances of respect originating from the spiritual work of ancestors accomplished in the various sacred sites in the territory. Central to identity, to being Nuu-chah-nulth, being ones self, is the relationship of watersheds, land, sea, plants, animals, and specific sacred sites to ones lineage history. Self definition is anchored in place inhabited over time immemorial according to myth and a verified archeological depth of approximately 4,000 years. The oneness with the territory that is founded in this hishuk-ish-ts’awalk speaks with reverence and respect of the dynamics of cultural wholism, interconnectedness, reciprocities and synergy.

Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, Cultural survivance, Education for indigenous rights, Hahuulthi, Hishuk-ish-ts’awalk, Self definition, Cultural identity, Resource sustainability, Traditional ecological knowledge, Situated knowledges
Stream: Cultural Sustainability
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: Ancient Nuu-chah-nulth Strategy of Hahuulthi, The

Dr. Marlene Renate Atleo

virtual attendance, Assistant Professor
Department of Educational Administration, Foundations and Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB


Dr. Marlene Atleo returned to higher education as a grandmother, a refugee from the declining West Coast Fishing Industry. As a member of the Ahousaht First Nation, she had already conducted adult education programming in her community; thus, formalizing her skills and bringing them home for community and institutional development was the first step on her academic journey. Using those skills to develop programming for infrastructure development was the next step. The opportunity to conduct research with diverse and non-traditional community needs in the academy (especially through adult education) is her current application of a passion for lifelong learning as a philosophy.

Ref: S06P0347