Challenges to Sustaining Effective Afterschool Activities
There is increasing interest in the development of community-based activities for children during the afterschool hours in many industrialized and industrializing countries. This presentation will present an analysis of 20 years of research that began with the implementation of a theoretically guided afterschool program in the United States. This program is based upon university-community collaborations in which students participate in practicum classes during afterschool hours in a community setting that is designed for care of children. Over the years, more than 50 such innovations have been undertaken. Some have died at various intervals following the effort to implement them while others are still in existence and new systems are coming into existence every year. The focus of the paper will be on explaining the basic theory underlying the design of the innovation, and the way that this
theory can help both in making effective new systems and in explaining the failure of systems in different socio-ecological circumstances.
Keywords: development, afterschool education, sustainability, community-based activities, university-local community collaboration
Research Student, Psychology Department, Uninversity of California, San Diego
Professor Mike Cole
Professor, Communication, Psychology, and Human Development Departments, University of California, San Diego