The Impact of Stakeholder Power on a Centralised Sustainable Tourism Planning Approach: A Case Study of EST Information Transfer in Fayoum, Egypt

By:
Mr Mike Snelgrove,
Prof. Eleri Jones
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The availability and accessibility of scientific and technical information to support environmentally-sound technology (EST) transfer has been a tenet of United Nations (UN) sustainable development policy and programmes since the 1992 Earth Summit. This paper uses sustainable tourism planning in Egypt as a vehicle for exploring the impact of tourism stakeholders on the transfer of EST information from the centralised tourism planning function to local community-led tourism initiatives. What becomes clear is that this transfer is the product of a complex mix of structures and interactions associated with a process of environmental strategy formulation and implementation and that driving this complexity is the multifarious nature of multiple stakeholder groupings, each with its own strengths, motivations, interests and priorities. In terms of the process of strategy formulation, this is not particularly unusual. However, where official structures and channels break down for whatever reason, perceptions of stakeholder attributes of power, legitimacy, and urgency will work to redefine and realign those structures to meet the needs of the dominant grouping. Stakeholder theory will be used to investigate how tourism industry bodies to use their power and local representation to compensate for these fragmented channels and how the redefined structures may impact upon the realisation of sustainable tourism plans.


Keywords: Sustainable Tourism, Stakeholders, Environmentally Sound Technology, Planning Approaches, Communication Channels, Strategy
Stream: Environmental Sustainability
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
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Mr Mike Snelgrove

Senior Lecturer, Welsh School of Hospitality, Tourism & Leisure Management, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff
UK

Mike Snelgrove spent the first 16 years of his career in the software industry as a systems and business analyst before moving into academia. He gained a higher degree in the areas of strategy development and alignment and now teaches across a range of subjects including strategy development, research methods, statistics, and information systems. More recently he has developed a keen interest in planning approaches and strategy development for sustainable tourism, particularly in relation to the appropriate use of environmentally sound technologies. He has carried out field work in Egypt and The Gambia and is currently working towards his PhD.

Prof. Eleri Jones

Head of School, Welsh School of Hospitality, Tourism & Leisure Management, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff
UK

Eleri began her career as a scientist undertaking a degree in Biology and Chemistry from the University of Wales Institute of Science and Technology followed by a MSc in Analytical Chemistry from the University of London. She returned to Cardiff to complete her PhD in Nutritional Bichemistry. Eleri is interested in knowledge transfer and is involved in a portfolio of knowledge transfer projects to small tourism businesses in Wales. She is interested in how effective communication can facilitate technology transfer issues and in the case of environmentally-sensitive technologies can facilitate the adoption of more sustainable practices by small businesses.

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