United States Drug Treatment Courts: Implications for Drug Control Policy in Viet Nam

By:
Van Nguyen,
Dr Maria Scannapieco
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The first US drug treatment court, an intensive community-based, treatment, rehabilitation and supervision program, was initiated in Miami, Florida in 1989. The courts were conceptualized as a program to halt the rapidly increasing recidivism rate among felony drug defendants. Since that time, drug treatment court has become a national movement and has been reputed as the “most significant criminal justice initiative” in the United States in the last century. The growth and success of drug treatment courts in the United States catalyzed the development of drug treatment court in Europe, North America, South America, the Caribbean, Africa and Oceania. This paper will provide a thorough description of drug treatment court, an overview of its growth, and synthesis of the evaluation research to date. Successfully delivered drug treatment court model may provide a considerable source of social sustainability to Vietnam. A discussion of implications for application of drug treatment court model, in the context of the Vietnamese culture, will be offered as a response to the serious problem of drug-related offences and the high rate of recidivism among drug-using offenders in Vietnam.


Keywords: Social sustainability, Drug treatment court, Drug-related offense, Drug control policy
Stream: Cultural Sustainability, Economic Sustainability, Social Sustainability
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English/Vietnamese
Paper: United States Drug Treatment Courts


Van Nguyen

Doctoral Student, School of Social Work, University of Texas @ Arlington
Viet Nam

I started my career in the field of drug abuse prevention and treatment, as well as, prevention sexual abuse of children and women in 1994 Department of Social Evils Prevention, Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (DSEP/MOLISA), Viet Nam. In collaboration with my colleagues, I have prepared a report on sexually abused/exploited children and youth in Viet Nam and other reports on drug abuse among high risk group population, such a street children, under/unemployed youth, school children, and commercial sex worker and drug treatment modalities. I have papers presented in NIDA International Forum organized by National Institute of Drug Abuse, U.S, Department of Human and Health Services in 2000, 2001 and 2005. Since August 1994 has been pursued my Ph.D. degree in Social Work at School of Social Work, the University of Texas at Arlington, USA. My co-author paper for this conference is my first effort to link the effectiveness of community-based treatment for drug-addicted offenders with social sustainability.

Dr Maria Scannapieco

Professor and Director, School of Social Work
Center for Child Welfare, University of Texas at Arlington

USA

Dr. Maria Scannapieco, Ph.D., MSW, is Professor at the School of Social Work, University of Texas at Arlington and Director of the Center for Child Welfare. Dr. Scannapieco has been the Director of the Center for Child Welfare for eight years and is the principal investigator of two federally funded grants, renewed annually, estimated at 3.7 million dollars. Dr. Maria Scannapieco has worked in the public child welfare arena for over 25 years with direct child protection experience as well as foster care administrative experience. Since coming into academia, Maria Scannapieco has continued her commitment to the child welfare field in both the area of teaching and scholarship. Dr. Scannapieco has over 100 publications and presentations competitively selected nationally and internationally, many in the area of child maltreatment and out-of-home placement. She has been published in such professional journals as Child Welfare, Social Service Review, Children and Youth Services Review, and Social Work. Dr. Maria Scannapieco (with Rebecca L. Hegar) has two books with Oxford University Press, the first titled Kinship Foster Care: Practice, Policy, & Research (1999), and another with Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective (2005) (with Kelli Connell-Carrick).

Ref: S06P0106